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NETWORK FORMS OF ORGANIZATION
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发布日期: 2006/4/24   作者:    版权: 原创

Annu. Rev. Sociol. 1998. 24:57ñ76
Copyright © 1998 by Annual Reviews. All rights reserved


NETWORK FORMS OF ORGANIZATION


Joel M. Podolny and Karen L. Page
Graduate School of Business, Stanford University, Stanford, California 94305-5015;
e-mail: podolny_joel@gsb.stanford.edu
KEY WORDS: networks, organization, alliances, governance, trust


ABSTRACT
Initial sociological interest in network forms of organization was motivated
in part by a critique of economic views of organization. Sociologists sought
to highlight the prevalence and functionality of organizational forms that
could not be classified as markets or hierarchies. As a result of this work, we
now know that network forms of organization foster learning, represent a
mechanism for the attainment of status or legitimacy, provide a variety of
economic benefits, facilitate the management of resource dependencies, and
provide considerable autonomy for employees. However, as sociologists
move away from critiquing what are now somewhat outdated economic
views, they need to balance the exclusive focus on prevalence and functionality
with attention to constraint and dysfunctionality. The authors review
work that has laid a foundation for this broader focus and suggest analytical
concerns that should guide this literature as it moves forward.


 

 
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